Dr Diane Farrar

NIHR post-doctoral research fellow and lead for maternal and infant health research

diane.farrar@bthft.nhs.uk

Diane has a clinical midwifery background, she obtained a BSc in Health Science from the University of Leeds, a BSc in Psychology from the Open University and a PhD in Research Innovation (reproductive endocrinology) from the University of Bradford’s Pharmacy dept. She is the  research lead at the Bradford Women’s and Newborn Unit.

She provides clinical, research and strategic planning guidance and day to day line management to the Clinical Research Network (CRN) midwives who conduct recruitment and follow up for CRN supported trials (Reproductive Health and Childbirth). Diane also provides support and guidance to clinicians and researchers undertaking research in women’s health at Bradford Teaching Hospitals and on national projects.

Her research interests include: maternal and infant obesity, hypertension in pregnancy, care in labour and gestational diabetes. Diane was chief investigator on a HTA project (11/99/02) “A clinical and economic evaluation of screening and diagnostic tests to identify and treat women with gestational diabetes: association between maternal risk factors, glucose levels, and adverse outcomes https://www.journalslibrary.nihr.ac.uk/hta/hta20860/#/abstract

Diane is academic editor for the journal PLOS ONE and was a member of the Leeds West Ethics committee between July 2013 and June 2017. She has been Visiting Associate Professor at the University of Leeds, Faculty of Medicine since April 2017.

Recent Funding Awarded

Diane holds a National Institute for Health Research post-doctoral fellowship award to examine blood pressure change in pregnancy and the use of clinical guidelines related to the treatment of women in pregnancy with hypertension. This work includes the following projects

Blood pressure change in white British and Pakistani women: analysis of data from the Born in Bradford cohort  

Ten percent of women will develop a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy (HDP, gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia (hypertension with proteinuria)), these conditions are associated with an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes and longer-term ill-health problems for mother and offspring, early detection and treatment however may reduce these risks. It is unclear if blood pressure change across pregnancy is influenced by ethnicity and if the influence of risk factors (for example maternal body mas index (BMI), age, parity) for HDP differ by ethnicity.  We have compared blood pressure (BP) change in white British and Pakistani women, by HDP and by risk factors to see if ethnicity influences BP change and could help identify women at risk of a HDP. Ethics Committee approval has been obtained to conduct the study.

Adherence to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence’s Hypertension in Pregnancy guidance

We know from conducting studies that a consistent approach to giving care that is based on best research evidence leads to better health. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence produce clinical guidelines with recommendations to help doctors and midwives provide high quality care of a consistent standard. We aim to find out if a guideline about the identification and treatment of women with hypertension in pregnancy is being followed by doctors and midwives.

This study will tell us what parts of the guideline are followed well and which are not, understanding this will help us devise programmes of education that will improve the care given to women in pregnancy in the future. Approval to conduct the study has been given by the Confidentiality Advisory Group and by the included study hospitals.

If you require further information please click on the following link study poster or if you believe your data may be used as part of this project and you would prefer to opt out, please contact Diane Farrar email: diane.farrar@bthft.nhs.uk and leave a message including the hospital you gave birth at, your name and your infants date of birth and we will ensure information related to you is not included in our research, you can also contact Diane Farrar for further information.

Recent Publications

Santorelli G, Whitelaw D, Farrar D, West J, Lawlor DA (2019) Associations of vitamin D, PTH and calcium with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and associated adverse perinatal outcomes in White British and Pakistani origin women: findings from the Born in Bradford cohort study  Sci Reports 9 (1) 1205

O’Mahoney L L, Matu, J, Price O J, Birch K M, Ajjan, R A, Farrar D, Tapp R, West D J, Deighton K, Campbell M D. (2018) PhDOmega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids favourably modulate cardiometabolic biomarkers in type 2 diabetes: A meta-analysis and meta-regression of randomized controlled trials. Cardiovascular Diabetol  17:98  17:98 doi.org/10.1186/s12933-018-0740-x

Farrar D and Campbell MD (2018) Does continuous glucose monitoring during pregnancy improve glycaemic and health outcomes in women with type 1 diabetes?- what the CONCEPTT trial adds (commissioned editorial) Ann Transl Med  doi: 10.21037/ atm.2018.03.08

West J, Lawlor DA, Santorell G, Collings P, Whincup P, Sattar N, Farrar D, Wright J. (2018) Associations of social and economic and pregnancy exposures with blood pressure in UK White British and Pakistani children age 4/5 Sci Reports 8 (1) 8966

Farrar D (2018) Gestational diabetes: The importance of identification and treatment. Practising Midwife April 20-24

West J, Santorelli G, Whincup PH, Smith L, Sattar NA, Cameron N, Farrar D, Collings P, Wright J, Lawlor DA. (2018) Association of maternal exposures with adiposity at age 4/5 years in white British and Pakistani children: findings from the Born in Bradford study. Diabetologia. 61(1): 242-252

Farrar D, Duley L, Dowswell T, Lawlor DA. (2017) Different strategies for diagnosing gestational diabetes to improve maternal and infant health. Cochrane Database Syst Revs Issue 8 Art. No.: CD007122. (update)

Farrar D, Simmonds M, Bryant M, Sheldon TA, Tuffnell D, Golder S, Lawlor DA. (2017) Treatments for gestational diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis BMJ Open doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015557

Brown J, Alwan NA, West J, Brown S, McKinlay CJD, Farrar D, Crowther CA. (2017) Lifestyle interventions for the treatment  of women with gestational diabetes. Cochrane Database of Syst Revs, Issue 5. Art. No.: CD011970.

Farrar D, Simmonds M, Bryant M, Lawlor D A , Dunne F, Tuffnell D, Sheldon T A. (2017) Risk factor screening to identify women requiring oral glucose tolerance testing to diagnose gestational diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis and analysis of two pregnancy cohorts Plos One 12(4):e0175288.

Farrar D, Simmonds M, Griffin S, Duarte A, Lawlor D.A, Sculpher M, Fairley L, Golder S, Tuffnell D, Bland M, Dunne F,  Whitelaw D, Wright J, and Sheldon T.A. (2016) The identification and treatment of women with hyperglycaemia in pregnancy: an analysis of individual participant data, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and an economic evaluation Health Technol Assess 20 (86)

Farrar D, Simmonds M, Bryant M, Tuffnell D, Sheldon T.A.  Dunne F, Golder S, Lawlor D.A (2016) Hyperglycaemia and risk of adverse perinatal outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis BMJ 354

Farrar D (2016) Hyperglycemia in pregnancy: prevalence, impact and management challenges Int J Women’s Health  

Farrar D (2016) Gestational diabetes Nursing Practice- HV Supp July/August: 3-5 

Farrar D, Tuffnell DJ, West J, West HM. (2016) Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion versus multiple daily injections of insulin for pregnant women with diabetes.  Cochrane Database Syst Revs 2016, Issue 6. Art. No.: CD005542. (update)

Wright J, Fairley L, McEachan R, Bryant M, Petherick E, Sahota P, Santorelli G, Barber S, Lawlor  DA, Taylor N, Bhopal R, Cameron N, West J, Hill A, Summerbell C, Farrin A, Ball H, Brown T, Farrar D, Small N (2016). Development and evaluation of an intervention for the prevention of childhood obesity in a multi-ethnic population: the Born in Bradford applied research programme.Programme Grants Appl Res;4(6) http://dx.doi.org/10.3310/pgfar04060

McEachan RC, Santorelli G, Bryant, MJ, Sahota P, Farrar D, Small NA, Akhtar S, Sargent J, Barber SE, Taylor NJ, Richardson G, Farrin AJ, Bhopal R, Bingham D, Ahern SE and Wright J. (2016) The HAPPY (Healthy and Active Parenting Programmme for early Years) feasibility randomised control trial: Acceptability and feasibility of an intervention to reduce infant BMC Public Health  16:211 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-016-2861-z 

Farrar D, Fairley L, Santorelli G, Tuffnell, D, Sheldon, T. A, Wright, J, Lawlor, D. A. Associations between hyperglycaemia and the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in South Asian and White British women: analysis of data from the Born in Bradford cohortLancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2015; 3(10): 795-804

Ota E, Hori H, Mori R, Tobe-Gai R, Farrar D. (2015) Antenatal dietary education and supplementation to increase energy and protein intake. Cochrane Database of Syst Revs, Issue 6. Art. No.: CD000032. (update)

T Norris, W Johnson, D Farrar, D Tuffnell, J Wright, N Cameron (2015) Small-for-gestational age and large-for-gestational age thresholds to predict infants at risk of adverse delivery and neonatal outcomes: are current charts adequate? An observational study from the Born in Bradford cohort BMJ Open doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006743

Farrar D, Neill J, Scally A, Tuffnell D and  Marshall K (2015) Is objective and accurate cognitive assessment across the menstrual cycle possible? A feasibility study SAGE Open Med DOI: 10.1177/2050312114565198

Farrar D, Duley L, Medley N, Lawlor DA. (2015) Different strategies for diagnosing gestational diabetes to improve maternal and infant health. Cochrane Database Syst Revs Issue 1. Art. No.: CD007122. (update)

Farrar D, Tuffnell DJ, Ramage C. (2014) Interventions for women in subsequent pregnancies following obstetric anal sphincter injury to reduce the risk of recurrent injury and associated harms. Cochrane Database Syst Revs, Issue 11. Art. No.:CD010374.

Farrar D, Fairley L, Lawlor DA, Tuffnell D, Whitelaw D, Wright J. (2014) Evaluation of the Impact of Universal Testing for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus on Maternal and Neonatal Health Outcomes: A Retrospective Analysis. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth doi:10.1186/1471-2393-14-317

M Bryant, G Santorelli, L Fairley, ES Petherick, R Bhopal R, DA Lawlor K Tilling, LD Howe, D Farrar, N Cameron, M Mohammed, J Wright and the Born in Bradford Childhood Obesity Scientific Group (2014) Agreement between routine and research measurement of infant height and weight. Arch Dis Childhood. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2014-305970

Farrar D, Tuffnell, D, Neill J, Scally A, Marshall K (2014) Assessment of cognitive function across pregnancy using CANTAB: A longitudinal study. Brain Cogn 84, 76-84

Bryant M, Santorelli G, Lawlor D, Farrar D, Tuffnell D, Bhopal R, Wright J. (2013) A comparison of South Asian specific and established BMI thresholds for determining obesity prevalence in pregnancy and predicting pregnancy complications: Findings from the Born in Bradford cohort Intl J Obesity 38, 444-50

Law G.R, Cattle B, Farrar D, Scott E.M. and Gilthorpe M.S (2013) Placental blood transfusion in newborn babies reaches a plateau after 140 seconds: longitudinal survey of weight change SAGE Open Med DOI: 10.1177/2050312113503321

Farrar D, Butterfield, G, Palethorpe R, Jones V and Syson J (2013) Nutrition advice in pregnancy: A study of midwives, obstetricians and health care support workers current practice at the Bradford Women’s and Newborn Unit Prac Midwife

Farrar D, Syson J, Germaine T, and Airey R (2011) Research midwives: Look at the evidence!  Prac Midwife 14, 28-32

Farrar D, Airey R, Law GR, Tuffnell D, Cattle B. and Duley L. (2011) Measuring placental transfusion for term births: weighing babies with cord intact. BJOG 118:70, 70-75

Farrar D, Tuffnell DJ, West J.(2007/2011 update) Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion versus multiple daily injections of insulin for pregnant women with diabetes. Cochrane Database of Syst Revs, Issue 3. Art.No:CD005542

Airey RJ, Farrar D, Duley L. (2010) Alternative positions for the baby at birth before clamping the umbilical cord. Cochrane Database of Syst Revs, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD007555

Farrar D, Tuffnell D, Airey R and Duley L. (2010) Care during the third stage of labour: A postal survey of UK midwives and obstetricians BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 10:23 doi 10.1186/1471-2393-10-23

McClean S, Farrar D, Kelly CA, Tuffnell, DJ, Whitelaw DC. (2010) The importance of postpartum glucose tolerance testing after pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes Diabetic Med 27, 650-654

Durn JH, Marshall KM, Farrar D, O’Donovan P, Scally AJ, Woodward DF, Nicolaou A. (2010) Lipidomic analysis reveals prostanoid profiles in human term pregnant myometrium, Prostaglandins Leukotrienes Essential Fatty Acids 82, 21-26

Farrar D. (2009) How evidence-based practice can provide the way forward for third stage care. Midwives. The official magazine of the RCM. December 2009/January 2010, 20.

Airey RJ, Farrar D,Wilkinson K, Walker J, Tuffnell. (2009) Improving the quality of maternity service provision.BJM Vol 17, No 3, p182-185

Fischer DP, Hutchinson JA, Farrar D,O’Donovan P, Woodward DF. and Marshall KM. (2008) Loss of prostaglandin F, but not thromboxane, responsiveness in pregnant human myometrium during labour. J Endocrinol 197, 171–179.

Airey R, Farrar D and Duley L. (2007) Timing of Umbilical cord clamping: midwives views and practice. BJM Vol 16, No 4, p236-239.

Farrar D.and Duley L. (2007) Commentary: But why should woman be weighed routinely during pregnancy? Int J Epidemiol, Vol 36, p 1283-1284

West J, Wright J, Tuffnell DJ, Farrar D. The Effectiveness of interventions to Prevent Low Birth Weight in South Asians (Indian, Pakistan and Bangladesh) Cochrane (Protocol) Cochrane Database of Syst Revs 2007

Wyatt NP, Falque-Gonzalez C, Farrar D, Tuffnell D, Whitelaw D, Knudsen LE, Anderson D. (2007) In Vitro Susceptibilities in Lymphocytes from Mothers and Cord Blood to the Monofunctional Alkylating Agent EMS. Mutagenesis, Vol 22 pp 123-127.

Farrar D. Pre-conception care and Diabetes. Prac Midwife, November 2005 p 14 – 18, Vol 8, No 10.

Conference Presentations:

Farrar D, Santorelli G, Lawlor, DA Tuffnell D, Sheldon TA, Macdonald-Wallis C (2018) Blood pressure change in white British and Pakistani women: analysis of data from the Born in Bradford cohort. RCOG Congress-BJOG, Vol 125, S1 Singapore

Duarte A, Griffin S , Sheldon TA, Simmonds M, Sculpher M, Smith L, Tuffnell D, Lawlor DA, Dunne F, Farrar D, (2018) Identification and treatment of gestational diabetes: an economic evaluation. RCOG Congress-BJOG  Vol 125, S1 Singapore

O’Mahoney, Matu J, Price OJ, King AK, Kime N, Birch KM, Ajjan RA, Farrar D, Tap R, West DJ, Deighton K, Campbell MD (2018) The influence of omega-3 fatty acid intake on lipid profiles, inflammatory parameters, and blood pressure in type 2 diabetes: insights from a meta-analysis. Diabetic Medicine- Diabetes UK conference, London

O’Mahoney, Matu J, Price OJ, King AK, Kime N, Birch KM, Ajjan RA, Farrar D, Tap R, West DJ, Deighton K, Campbell MD (2018) The impact of omega-3 fatty acid intake on indicies of glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes: insights from a meta-analysis. Diabetic Medicine – Diabetes UK conference, London

Farrar D, Santorelli G, Lawlor D, Tuffnell D, Sheldon T, Macdonald-Wallis C. (2017) The influence of ethnicity on blood pressure trajectories in pregnancy: analysis using data from the Born in Bradford cohort BMFMS (oral presentation) Amsterdam, Netherlands

Nikolaidis G, Duarte A, Lomas J, Farrar D,Griffin S. (2017) Beyond the mean’ in biomarkers modelling for economic evaluations Health Tec Asses Int Conference, Rome, Italy 

Farrar D, Santorelli G, Lawlor D A, Tuffnell D, Sheldon T A and Macdonald-Wallis C (2016) Antenatal blood pressure change across pregnancy in white European and south Asian women by BMI category: analysis using data from the Born in Bradford cohort Soc for Social Med meeting, York

Farrar D, Simmonds M, Bryant M, Lawlor D.A, Golder S, Tuffnell D, Dunne F,  Sheldon T.A. (2016) Hyperglycaemia and risk of adverse perinatal outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Soc Social Med, York 

Farrar D, Santorelli G, Lawlor D A, Tuffnell D, Sheldon T A and Macdonald-Wallis C (2016) Blood pressure change across pregnancy in white European and south Asian women: analysis using data from the Born in Bradford cohort. BJOG 123, S1, 27: BMFMS meeting, Birmingham

Farrar D, Santorelli G, Lawlor D A, Tuffnell D, Sheldon T A and Macdonald-Wallis C (2016) Antenatal blood pressure change by BMI category: analysis using data from the Born in Bradford cohort. (oral presentation) BJOG 123, S2, 33-37: RCOG congress, Birmingham 

Ana Duarte, Susan Griffin, Trevor A Sheldon, Mark Simmonds, Mark Sculpher1, Lesley Fairley, Su Golder, Derek Tuffnell and Diane Farrar (2016)Identification and treatment of gestational diabetes: an economic evaluation. Health Economists’ Study Group (HESG) Meeting Manchester 

Farrar D, Fairley L, Santorelli G, Sheldon T, Tuffnell D, Wright J and Lawlor D.A. (2015) Incremental increases in glucose level below the threshold for diagnosis of gestational diabetes and risk of adverse perinatal outcomes: the Born in Bradford population. BJOG Vol 122 Supp 2 PM.38 BMFMS Conference London UK 

Schembari AFarrar D, Basagaña, X, Martinez, D, de Hoogh K, Pedersen M, Dadvand P,Wright, J and  Nieuwenhuijsen M. (2014) Ambient Air Pollution and Blood Pressure, Differences by Ethnicity – Results from the Born in Bradford Study Cohort International Society for Environmental Epidemiology, Seattle, USA October 24-28 

Spratt A, Frizell D, Farrar D, Whitelaw D (2013) Experiences of south Asian women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) Society for Reproductive and Infant Psychologyhttp://www.srip.ac.uk/conference.php. Hull

Spratt, A, Frizell D, Farrar D, Whitelaw D (2013) The experiences of South Asian women with a first diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus British Psychological Society: Division of Clinical Psychology Conference, York 

Harrison S, Farrar D, Ramage C. (2013) Does use of endo-anal ultrasound effect the management of women who have sustained a 3A tear? Fetal Neonatal ed Arch Dis Child. Vol 98, Supp 1, A19. BMFMS Conference, Dublin, Ireland 

Auchterlonie, H, Farrar D, Tuffnell D (2013) Do Computerised Cardiotograph Results Change Management During Pregnancy For Women with Diabetes Who Have a Macrosomic Fetus Diagnosed by Ultrasound Examination? Fetal Neonatal  ed Arch Dis Child. Vol 98, Supp 1, 103. BMFMS conference, Dublin, Ireland

McClean, Farrar D, Tuffnell D. (2012) An evaluation of the impact of RCOG guidance on the recognition of severe perineal trauma Fetal Neonatal ed Arc Dis Child. Vol 97, Supp 1, PL34. BMFMS Conference Glasgow, UK

Bryant M, Watkins G , Farrar D,  Lawlor D, Bhopal R,  Tuffnell D, Wright J (2012) Application of Asian cut-off criteria to detect maternal obesity. European Congress on Obesity Lyon, France 

D Farrar, J Wright, D Whitelaw, D Tuffnell (2011) Evaluation of the impact of universal screening for gestational diabetes mellitus on maternal and neonatal health outcomes Born in Bradford conference Bradford (oral presentation)

D Farrar, J Wright, D Whitelaw, D Tuffnell (2011) Evaluation of the impact of universal screening for gestational diabetes mellitus on maternal and neonatal health outcomes mood Arch Dis Child. Vol 96, Supp No 1, PPO.12. BMFMS Conference, Harrogate, UK. 

D Farrar, J Wright, D Whitelaw, D Tuffnell (2011) Evaluation of the impact of universal screening for gestational diabetes mellitus on maternal and neonatal health outcomes CHICOS conference Barcelona 

Prof K.M. Marshall, Dr D.P. Fischer, Dr D. Farrar, Prof P.J.O’Donovan, Dr D.F. Woodward. (2011) Early use of atosiban to delay uterine contractions. Bradford Institute for Health Research: Inaugural Research Conference Bradford

Farrar D,Marshall KM, Neill JC and Tuffnell DJ. (2010) Pregnancy impairs spatial memory and lowers mood Arch Dis Child. Vol 95, Supp No 1, p 2.2 (oral presentation). BMFMS Conference, Newcastle, UK

Farrar D,Tuffnell DJ, Neill JC and Marshall KM. (2010) Pregnancy adversely affects ability to recall previously seen spatial locations. Endocrine Abstracts Vol 21, p325, British Endocrine Society Conference Manchester, UK 

Farrar D,Tuffnell DJ, Marshall KM, Neill JC. (2009) Pregnancy adversely effects cognitive function specifically memory for previously see locations: Effects of task and stage of pregnancy. J Psychopharmacology Abstract Supplement 23(6) British Association of Psychopharmacology meeting TE06, Oxford

Farrar D,Tuffnell DJ, Neill JC and Marshall KM. (2009) Pregnancy affects cognitive function specifically spatial memory: Effects of task and stage of pregnancy. Society Fertility Reproductive Health Meeting P04, Oxford 

Fischer DP, Farrar D, O’Donovan PJ, Marshall KM, Woodward DF. (2009) Contractions induced by prostaglandin ((PG) E2 and PGF2α are superseded by thromboxane in isolated human myometrium at term pregnancy  (oral presentation) Society Fertility Reproductive Health Meeting O15, Oxford

Durn JH, Marshall KM, Nicolaou A, Farrar D, O’Donovan PJ, and Woodward DF. (2009) A comparison of in vitro prostanoid production in menorrhagic myometrium from women with and without uterine fibroids Society Fertility Reproductive Health Meeting P12, Oxford

Farrar D,Airey R, Tuffnell D, Law G, Cattle, B andDuley L(2009)Measuring Placental Transfusion For Term Births: Weighing Babies With The Cord Intact. Arch Dis Child. Vol 94, Supp No 1, p Fa7 (oral presentation). BMFMS Conference, Liverpool

Farrar D,Airey R, Tuffnell D andDuley L(2009). Care during The Third Stage of labour: A Postal Survey of Obstetricians and Midwives. Arch Dis Child Vol 94, Supp No 1, p Fa40. BMFMS Conference, Liverpool 

Farrar, D, Neill, J, Tuffnel, DJ, Marshall KM. (2009) The Influence of Pregnancy on Cognitive Ability. Endocrine Abstracts Vol15, p205, British Endocrine Society Conference Harrogate

Fischer DP, Farrar D,O’Donovan PJ, Woodward DF, Marshall KM. (2008) Predominant prostaglandin EP2 receptor function in isolated human myometrium at term pregnancy. pA2 online E-journal British Pharmacological Society Brighton British Pharmacological Society meeting Brighton 

Farrar D,Neill JC, Marshall KM, Tuffnell DJ(2008) The influence of Pregnancy on Cognitive ability. Arch Dis Child. Vol 93, Supp No 1, p Fa68 BMFMS Conference, Harrogate 

Farrar D,Duley L(2008)Facilitating Placental Transfusion: A Survey of Care in the Third Stage of Labour in a UK Hospital. Arch Dis Child. Vol 93, Supp No 1, p Fa59. BMFMS Conference, Harrogate 

Farrar D, Neill J, Tuffnell DJ, Marshall K. (2008) Pregnancy adversely affects cognitive function in certain domains: J Psychopharmacology Abstract Supplement Vol 22 No5, A54. British Association of Psychopharmacology meeting Harrogate 

Farrar D, Marshall K, Neill J, Tuffnell DJ (2008) The influence of sex steroids in pregnancy on cognitive ability. Society Fertility Reproductive Health Meeting Edinburgh 

Farrar, D, Neill, J, Tuffnel, DJ, Marshall KM (2008) The Influence of Sex Steroids on Cognitive Ability in Pregnancy. Endocrine Abstracts Vol 15, p205, British Endocrine Society Conference Harrogate, UK 

Farrar D, Marshall K, Neill J, Tuffnell DJ (2007) The influence of pregnancy on cognitive ability. Society Fertility Reproductive Health Meeting York

Fischer DP, Marshall KM, Hutchinson JA, Farrar D, O’Donovan, Woodward DF. (2007) Thromboxane Mediated Contractions in Isolated Human Myometrium at Term Pregnancy and Labour. Society Fertility Reproductive Health Meeting York

Durn J, Mir A, Marshall K, Nicolaou A, Farrar D, O’Donovan P, Woodward DF. (2007) Profile of the prostaglandins produced by non-labouring pre-term uterine tissue. SocietyFertility Reproductive Health Meeting York

Fischer DP, Marshall KM, Hutchinson JA, Farrar D, O’Donovan, Woodward DF. (2006) Thromboxane Mediated Effects in Isolated Human Myometrium at Term and During Labour. British Pharmacology Society Meeting Oxford

Fischer D P, Farrar D, O’Donovan P, Senior J.  (2005) The Effect of the Hormonal Milieu on the Response of the Isolated Human Myometrium to PGE2. Endocrine Abstracts(10), OC 23. British Endocrine Society conference, London

Griffiths A, Senior J, O’Donovan P, Farrar D. Marshall K. (2005) The Effect of Prostaglandin E2, Sulprostone and Isoprenaline on Isolated Mouse Uterine Tissue Taken During Labour. Endocrine Abstracts (10) p 71. British Endocrine Society